A few weeks ago, I created this poll on BIGS Facebook Group:
You probably find the result surprising: 31% voters would rather choose to have $250K cash than $500k in the CPF.
The motivation behind the poll was to get a sense on how people view monies in their CPF accounts vis-a-vis cash held in the bank. This is because CPF monies come with many restrictions and it may be natural for the public to discount that amount. In other words, we feel that $500k in the CPF is worth less than $500k in cash.
The decision to forgo $250K in CPF for $250K cash may sound irrational, lack of discipline and short-term thinking. But that is only when we consider it on the surface. In this article, we’ll look into the figures and discuss the rationale behind it and why I’d also choose to have $250K cash instead of $500K in CPF.
31% of the voters would rather forgo $250k
While the majority chose to have $500k in the CPF, there was a sufficiently large group of people (66 or 31% of the voters) who willingly chose to take the much lower amount of $250k cash.
The fact that this is actually happening is mind-boggling to some; CPF millionaire Loo Cheng Chuan for one. Together with his wife, the 44 year-olds have accumulated a substantial amount in their CPF accounts. Loo is a keen advocate of topping up his accounts, having appeared in a number of promotional videos for the CPF board. It comes across as no surprise that he finds it hard to understand why anyone would choose to forgo the extra $250k.
Why I’d Opt For The Cash Option
If given a choice I would have taken $250k in cash. It is not a difficult decision to make. Here are three reasons why :
First I have been contributing to my CPF since I started working. My CPF savings have been growing and they are set to grow even more. I personally do not do additional top-ups as I have already met the current minimum sum and the growth of my CPF monies should be able to keep pace even as it rises annually.
Secondly, I have chosen NOT to rely on the CPF for my retirement. I prefer to depend on myself to grow my own retirement fund. This retirement fund will be grown using cash. That’s how I do my mental accounting – CPF monies are not actually mine until I am able to withdraw them.
Thirdly, CPF monies are restricted and I would prefer to keep my options open with the money I have. For example, not all medical bills can be paid with CPF. Investing with CPF monies is also very restrictive.
I am an investor and a large part of my wealth building is through stock investment. CPF SA does not allow stock investments and CPF OA caps the maximum investible amount to 30%. I am confident that in the long run, I can do much better by investing $250k of cash in stocks than to be limited by the $500k in the CPF.
Here are some numbers you can consider.
The Power of Compounding Interest On The Money You Control
Imagine these few scenarios on whether you lost $250K by choosing the Cash Option.
Consider on Day 1 you invest your initial cash capital of $250K in the stock market and say a conservative annual return of 8%. By Year 10 you would grow it to $539,731 hitting the $500K starting capital of the CPF Option. What about seasoned investors who can achieve 10% annual returns? For the same starting cash capital, he or she would hit $500K by Year 8.
Taking it further to Year 20 and you will see the difference from Cash Option is as huge as doubling the CPF option to $1.6M!
For a fairer comparison, you can look at the breakeven years highlighted in orange above whereby we factored the opportunity cost of CPF annual interests of 2.5 – 3%. 10 years to breakeven for stocks annual returns of 10% and 14 years for 8% annual returns. Either way, discount the figures whichever way you want, but if you can have the ability, the patience and the time ahead of you, Cash Option will eventually outgrow CPF Option:
Of course, the market is unpredictable and we cannot expect it to be so smooth sailing. And not everyone has the aptitude and the appetite for investments. For many, the CPF option might well be the wiser choice.
In general, I felt that people who voted to take the $250k cash tend to be more confident that they can do better with the liquidity. Here are some reasons given in the comments:
- Still young and a long time before retirement which increases the risk that the CPF rules may change (higher minimum sums or older withdrawal age).
- Use the cash and take a reputable MBA that can massively increase life’s earnings.
- Not going to live long and better to take the cash now.
- Can grow the money faster than what CPF can offer.
On the other hand, here are some counter arguments from the other group who chose the $500k CPF option:
- Nearing retirement age and get to withdraw CPF monies in a few years time.
- $500k could fully pay for a HDB flat easily or clear the mortgage and be debt-free.
- $500k would have met the minimum sum requirement and one would not need to worry about retirement anymore.
- $500k compounding at 2.5% is still an attractive option without the headache and heartache of investing on their own.
How Much Is $500k of CPF Monies Worth To You?
This is indeed a ‘bird in hand is worth two in the bush’ problem. To some, the bird in hand is more worthy. To others, they will gladly forgo one bird for the opportunity to trap two birds.
There is no right or wrong choice because circumstances are unique. There is no one-size-fits-all scenario. This is one of the reasons why CPF policies have gotten increasingly complicated. The Fund now has to serve the increasingly diverse needs of the population while safeguarding the integrity of the social safety net.
What about you? Would you take the $250k cash or $500k CPF monies? And most importantly, why? Drop your comment below.
CEO of Dr Wealth. Built a business to empower DIY investors to make better investments. A believer of the Factor-based Investing approach and runs a Multi-Factor Portfolio that taps on the Value, Size, and Profitability Factors. Conducts the flagship Intelligent Investor Immersive program under Dr Wealth. An author of Secrets of Singapore Trading Gurus and Singapore Permanent Portfolio. Featured on various media such as MoneyFM 89.3, Kiss92, Straits Times and Lianhe Zaobao. Given talks at events organised by SGX, DBS, CPF and many others.