There are 3 important financial statements to the fundamental investors. They are:
1) Income Statement
2) Balance Sheet
3) Cash Flow Statement
Here are the brief descriptions of the components of the 3 financial statements. Each component contains several sub-components themselves.
Revenue – Amount of money earned by the company.
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Expenses – Cost of running the company and business.
Profits – Difference between revenue and expenses
Current assets – Assets that the company can use up or liquidate within the year of assessment. Non-current assets are the opposite.
Current liabilities – Debts that the company needs to return within the year of assessment. Non-current liabilities are debts that the company takes more than the current assessment year to pay back.
Equity – Difference between total assets and total liabilities.
Paid in capital – The amount of money raised during the company’s Initial Public Offering.
Retained earnings – Cumulative profits earned by the company after subtraction of dividends payouts.
Cash flow from operation – Cash generated from company’s core business.
Cash flow from investment – Cash spent on capital investment or other activities in investment vehicles.
Cash flow from financing – Record of activities involved in debts, loans and dividends .